The 12 month increase of 56,428 prisoners represented a 2.6 percent growth rate. Two thirds of the inmates (1,438,701) were in federal prisons, while the rest (747,529) were housed on local jails.
A few other highlights of the lowlights of the Prison and Jail Inmates at Midyear 2005 report included:
- Since 1995 the nation's prison and jail population has risen by more than 600,000 inmates. At midyear 2005 one in every 136 U.S. residents were in prison or jail.
- Women make up an increasing proportion of jail inmates, reaching 12.7 percent of the population in 2005, compared to 10.2 percent in 1995.
- At midyear 2005, nearly 6 in 10 offenders in local jails were racial or ethnic minorities, which was nearly unchanged in the last 10 years.
- Louisiana and Georgia led the nation in percentage of their state residents incarcerated (with more than 1 percent of their state residents in prison or jail at midyear 2005).