Appropriations Committees Develop the Spending Bills
The House and Senate Appropriations Committees now take the total aggregate spending allocations from the Budget Resolution and divide the amount into "suballocations". Quite literally, they take the total discretionary "money pie" and cut it into several pieces.
Each slice of the discretionary "pie" funds a different government function, including:
1. Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and related agencies
2. Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and related agencies
3. Department of Defense
4. Operations of the government of the District of Columbia
5. Energy and water resources development
6. Foreign operations, export financing, and related programs
7. Homeland Security
8. Department of the Interior and related agencies
9. Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education and related agencies
10. Funding for the Legislative Branch of government
11. Military construction, family housing, and base realignment and closure for the Department of Defense
12. Department of Transportation, Treasury, the United States Postal Service, the Executive Office of the President, and certain Independent Agencies
13. Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development, and for sundry independent agencies, boards, commissions, corporations, and offices
The Budget Act allows the Appropriations Committees from May 15 until June 10 to finalize the spending bills and forward them to the full House and Senate.
The exact number of spending bills and their content may vary from year-to-year, as determined by the Appropriations Committees.
House and Senate Consider the Annual Spending Bills
By June 10, the full House and Senate should begin consideration of the annual spending bills. Other than some special rules of debate, the pending bills follow the same legislative process as other bills.