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The President and Cabinet

Look here to learn about the office and duties of the President of the United States. Homework Note: This is where to look for information about the President's Cabinet.


Requirements to Become President
So you want to be president? Forget the nerves of steel, the charisma, the skeleton-free closet, the fund-raising network, the thick skin and the legions of loyal folks who agree with your stance on all the issues. Just to get into the game, you have to ask: How old are you and where were you born?

Chuck Hagel: Secretary of Defense
Biography of Chuck Hagel, U.S. Secretary of Defense and former U.S. Senator.


Biography of Sally Jewell, US Secretary of the Interior

The Vice President of the United States
How is the Vice President of the United States chosen and what are his or her duties and responsibilities?

The Line-Item Veto
Explanation and history of the line-item veto, and why the Supreme Court has ruled it unconstitutional.

Should Obama Take Credit for US Oil Production Hike?
Is President Obama overstating his role in the increase of U.S. domestically produced oil?

Jacob J. 'Jack' Lew Secretary of the Treasury
Biography of Jacob J. "Jack" Lew, U.S. Secretary of the Treasury

Are Federal Regulations Out of Control?
Why the number and complexity of US federal regulations are out of control.

Was the Obama Bus Really Made in Canada?
Find out if there's any truth to the claim that the Obama bus was partly made in Canada. See why Obama faced criticism over his preferred mode of transportation during the presidential campaign. Read the truth about where the federal government bought the luxury bus. Discover what's onboard the vehicle.

How Much Did That Obama Bus Cost?
How much did President Obama's custom-built re-election campaign tour bus cost the American taxpayer?

John Kerry: Secretary of State
Biography of John Kerry, U.S. Secretary of State and former U.S. Senator.

Is the Washington Monument Really Leaning?
Find out why some people said the Washington Monument was leaning in 2011. See how such claims spread and what the truth about damage to the popular tourist attraction really was. Learn about prior damage and the history of restoration projects at the Washington, D.C., landmark.

Did Obama Violate the War Powers Resolution?
Read about the War Powers Resolution and allegations that President Barack Obama violated the law. Discover why a group of 10 lawmakers sued the president over the U.S. involvement in Libya in 2011. Find out how the Obama administration defended ordering an intervention in Libya. Read excerpts of the administration's case for activities in Libya.

Why Obama Used Autopen to Sign the Patriot Act Extension
Find out why President Barack Obama didn't use his real signature to enact the Patriot Act in 2011. Read about Obama's use of the autopen and the controversy that ensued in 2011. Discover what the constitution says about presidential signature requirements on legislation.

Why Puerto Rico Matters in the Race for President
Find out whether voters in Puerto Rico can vote in U.S. presidential elections. Learn about the laws that govern U.S. territories voters in American politics. See why they are able to cast ballots in presidential primaries but not elections. Read about the definition of a U.S. territory.

Why the U.S. House Rebuked Obama on Libya
FInd out why the House of Representatives rebuked the decisions made by Obama on Libya. Learn about the War Powers Resolution as it relates to the U.S. involvement in Libya. See how the Obama administration responded to criticism of the president's decision to launch military action without backing from Congress.

One Term Presidents
Learn about the one term presidents in American history. Find out which one term presidents were defeated in re-election bids. Discover why one term presidents were turned out of office by voters. See who replaced America's one term presidents and find out whether they fared any better.

Where It's Illegal to Display Pictures of Obama
Find out where pictures of Obama are restricted or banned under federal guidelines. See what kinds of pictures of Obama are permitted in the federal workplace. Learn about the penalties for displaying pictures of Obama for political reasons in government offices.

Was the Obama Royal Wedding Snub for Real?
Find out whether the Obama Royal Wedding Snub myth is true. Learn the details behind the Obama Royal Wedding Snub rumors. See who spread claims of the Obama Royal Wedding Snub. Discover who else wasn't invited to the royal wedding thereby disproving the Obama Royal Wedding Snub myth.

Funniest Obama Jokes From the 2011 White House Correspondents Dinner
Read the funniest Obama jokes at the White House Correspondents’ Dinner in 2011. See who was skewered by Obama jokes at the White House Correspondents’ Dinner. Find out which topics were fair game for Obama jokes at the White House Correspondents’ Dinner.

The Obama Easter Proclamation Controversy
Discover why there was no Obama Easter proclamation in 2011. Read criticism over the lack of an Obama Easter proclamation. See how the White House defended the missing Obama Easter proclamation. Find out the history of Easter proclamations and the Obama Easter proclamation controversy.

Obama Tax Return for 2010
Read about President Barack Obama's tax return and find out how much the president and first lady paid in taxes for 2010. Find out from the Obama tax return how much President Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama earned in 2010. See the list of charitable contributions and deductions on the Obama tax return and find out how much of a tax refund...

Biden Tax Return for 2010
Read about Vice President Joe Biden's tax return and find out how much he and his wife paid in taxes for 2010. Find out from the Biden tax return how much Vice President Biden and Dr. Jill Biden earned in 2010. See the list of charitable contributions and deductions on the Biden tax return and find out how much of a tax payment the vice president owed at the end of the year.

Obama White House Accepts Openness Award in Secret
Find out why the Obama White House was criticized for lack of transparency. Read about Obama White House efforts to make the federal government more open to the public. See who met with the Obama White House privately in March 2011. Learn about the reaction to the secret Obama White House meeting.

Was the Easter Egg Roll Really Outlawed by Congress?
Find out why Congress effectively banned the traditional Easter Egg Roll from U.S. Capitol grounds. Read about the controversy that embroiled the Easter Egg Roll in the late 1870s. Discover what happened to the Easter Egg Roll after federal law forced it from the Capitol. See where the Easter Egg Roll is held now.

Obama NCAA Bracket Controversy
Read details about the Obama NCAA bracket. See why the Obama NCAA bracket caused so much controversy in 2011.

What Does the White House Social Secretary Do?
Find out what the White House social secretary does. Read a description of the type of events put on by the White House social secretary. See why the job of White House social secretary is considered one of the most stressful, important yet least understood in Washington.

Did Obama Double the National Debt?
Read about an email that claims President Barack Obama tried to double the national debt in his first year in office. Find out whether claims Obama doubled the national debt are grounded in truth. See where allegations Obama doubled the national debt may be rooted.

Has There Ever Been a Male White House Social Secretary?
Read about the first male to serve as White House social secretary. Discover biographical information about the first male White House social secretary. Find out why the appointment of the first male White House social secretary was notable.

Who Wrote O?
Read about the intense political and literary speculation over who wrote O. Find out the leading theories on who wrote O. See whether the mystery of who wrote O impacted book sales.

The Online John F. Kennedy Archive
Need to know something about John F. Kennedy and his one thousand days as 35th President of the United States? Well you’re in luck because the National Archives along with the John F. Kennedy Library Foundation have produced the nation’s largest online presidential archive featuring the papers, records, photographs and recordings of the John F. Kennedy administration.

Presidential Succession
A brief history and current process of presidential succession in the United States.

Annual Salaries of Top US Government Officials
Current annual salaries of top elected and appointed US government officials, along with the annual salaries for these officials in 2000 or 2001.

Historian Confesses to Lincoln Document Forgery
Since 1998, historians had believed that President Abraham Lincoln’s final official act had been to grant a pardon to a Patrick Murphy, a Union Army soldier who had been court-martialed for desertion during the Civil War. Now it turns out that the historians had been deceived by one of their own.

What Obama Really Said About Michael Vick
Find out what President Barack Obama said about NFL quarterback and convicted felon Michael Vick. See why Obama's remarks about Michael Vick caused controversy. Learn how the White House clarified Obama's statements about Michael Vick after they caused controversy in the media.

What Charles Dickens and Barack Obama Have in Common
Discover why critics claim Barack Obama is a socialist. Find out who said Obama is a socialist and learn about a another historical figure accused of being socialist.

Fun Facts About the 2010 White House Christmas Tree
Learn all about the White House Christmas tree chosen in 2010. Find out what kind of tree and how tall the White House Christmas tree was in 2010. Read about the rich traditions surrounding the delivery and display of the White House Christmas tree. Discover where the White House Christmas tree came from in 2010.

The Myth About Obama and the Holiday Tree
Learn about the White House Christmas tree during the Obama years. Discover the truth behind the myth that Obama renamed the White House Christmas tree. See how the rumor about Obama and the White House Christmas tree spread.

Presidential Pay and Compensation
Pay and Compensation of the President of the United States

Pardoned Turkeys - Pictures of Presidential Pardoned Turkeys Through History
Pardoned Turkeys - Pictures of Presidentially Pardoned Turkeys Through History

The US Presidential Libraries System
The combined U.S. Presidential Libraries promote understanding of the presidency and the American experience. The Presidential Libraries preserve and provide access to historical materials, support research, and create interactive programs and exhibits intended to educate and inspire.

Thanksgiving Day 2009 Presidential Proclamation
Complete text of President Obama’s 2009 Thanksgiving Proclamation.

Presidential Retirement Benefits
Presidential retirement benefits were non-existent until the enactment of the Former Presidents Act (FPA) in 1958. Since then, presidential retirement benefits have included a lifetime annual pension, staff and office allowances, travel expenses, civil service protection and more.

Presidential Succession
The System of US Presidential Succession

Kathleen Sebelius: Secretary of Health and Human Services
Kathleen Sebelius Secretary of Health and Human Services: Biography

The First 100 Days of President Barack Obama
The first 100 days of President Barack Obama. No miracles, no abject failures. Just another first 100 days.

Gary Locke: Secretary of Commerce
Secretary of Commerce Gary Locke: Biography

Janet Napolitano: Secretary of Homeland Security
Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano: Official Department of Homeland Security Biography

Eric K. Shinseki: Secretary of Veterans Affairs
Secretary of Veterans Affairs Eric K. Shinseki: Official Department of Veterans Affairs Biography

Arne Duncan: Secretary of Education
Secretary of Education Arne Duncan: Official Department of Education Biography

Dr. Steven Chu: Secretary of Energy
Secretary of Energy Dr. Steven Chu: Official Department of Energy Biography

Ray LaHood: Secretary of Transportation
Secretary of Transportation Ray LaHood: Official Department of Transportation Biography

Shaun Donovan: Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
Secretary of U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development Shaun Donovan: Official HUD Biography

Tom Vilsack: Secretary of Agriculture
Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack: Official USDA Biography

Ken Salazar: Secretary of the Interior
Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar: Official Interior Department Biography.

The President’s Cabinet
Departments and Secretaries of the President’s Cabinet Agencies

Eric Holder: Attorney General
Attorney General Eric Holder: Official Department of Justice Biography

Dr. Robert M. Gates: Secretary of Defense
Secretary of Defense Dr. Robert M. Gates: Official Defense Department Biography

Timothy F. Geithner: Secretary of the Treasury
Secretary of the Treasury Timothy F. Geithner: Official Treasury Department Biography

More Information About the President’s Cabinet
Information About the President’s Cabinet

Hillary Rodham Clinton: Secretary of State
Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton: Official State Department Biography

Presidential Appointments Requiring Senate Approval
About 1,000 of the more than 7,000 presidentially-appointed positions to be filled during any presidential transition process require confirmation by a majority vote of the U.S. Senate.

Obama Builds His Cabinet
President-elect Obama has rolled up his sleeves and gotten to work on his Cabinet. Here, in order of presidential succession, is how the job is going. Mentioned and actual nominees for President Obama's Cabinet secretaries.

Obama-Biden Administration Job Questionnaire
To help pre-screen applicants for jobs within its administration, the Obama-Biden presidential transition team prepared a very revealing questionnaire of 63 questions covering virtually every aspect of the applicant's life. Rule One? Never embarrass the boss.

Presidential Security Briefings
Within 48 hours of being elected the 44th President of the United States, Barack Obama received his first presidential security briefing from the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). What did they talk about? What happens during daily presidential security briefings?

The Presidential Transition Process
As one of its proudest achievements, the U.S. government's presidential transition process stands as an example to be followed by emerging democracies around the world. An unfailingly peaceful and respectful transition of power at the highest level of government stands as a key to the ongoing survival of a free democracy.

About the Presidential Power to Pardon
Where does the President of the United States get the power to pardon criminals? Are there legal limitations to presidential pardons?

The Next President's Top 10 Challenges
Americans expect every new president to accomplish the same thing: reform the government to make it work better and solve the nation's problems. The plan formulated by new presidents to reform the government so it can make everything better is known as the administration's "management agenda," and it truly represents the most important element of the presidential transition process. So what might be on the management agenda of the next President of the United States?

The First Presidential Inauguration
The proceedings of the first inauguration of President George Washington on April 30, 1789, as narrated in the Senate Journal.

U.S. Presidential Oath of Office
The oath of office administred to the President of the United States.

Executive Order: Protection of Striped Bass and Red Drum Fish Populations
On Oct. 20, 2007, President Bush signed this Executive Order intended to protect stripped bass and red drum. Two of the most popular species sought by recreational fishers, the stripper and red drum have seen their once abundant number dwindle rapidly due to commercial over-fishing.

Bush Issues Executive Order Promoting Hunting and Wildlife Conservation
On August 16, 2007, President George W. Bush issued an Executive Order intended to expand hunting opportunities on federally-controlled lands to expand and enhance federal wildlife conservation efforts.

Mint Survey Shows Most Americans Can't Name Founding Fathers
In conjunction with the release of their $1 coin featuring Thomas Jefferson, a survey commissioned by the U.S. Mint revealed that most Americans are not too knowledgeable on the subject of our nation's Founding Fathers.

Executive Privilege
Executive privilege is the right claimed by Presidents of the Unites States and other officials of the executive branch of government to withhold from Congress, the courts or individuals, information that has been requested or subpoenaed. Executive privilege is also invoked to prevent executive branch employees or officials from testifying in Congressional hearings.

Presidential Legislative Powers
The President of the United States is commonly referred to as the most powerful person in the free world, but his legislative powers are strictly defined by the Constitution and by a system of checks and balances among the executive, legislative and judicial branches of the government.

The President of the United States
The primary duty of the president of the United States is to make sure that all U.S. laws are carried out and that the federal government is run effectively. Although the president may not introduce new legislation - that's the duty of Congress - he does wield veto power over all bills that are approved by the legislature. In addition, the president has the weighty role of commander in chief of the armed forces.

Executive Branch
The executive branch of the United States government consists of the president, the vice president and 15 Cabinet-level executive departments.

About the Presidential Veto
A presidential veto is the rejection of a bill passed by the majority votes of both the House of Representatives and the Senate. While Congress can vote to override a presidential veto, causing the bill to become law without the president's approval, this is rarely done. The threat of presidential veto is often sufficient motivation for Congress to modify the bill prior to its final passage. This article provides a brief overview of the veto and the ways Congress can override it.

President Bush's Stem Cell Bill Veto Message 2006
On July 19, 2006, President Bush vetoed the Stem Cell Research Enhancement Act of 2005. The bill would have authorized federal support for research using stem cells derived from excess human embryos donated from in vitro fertilization clinics and never implanted in a woman. Congress did not attempt to override the veto. This is the text of the veto message President Bush sent to the House of Representatives.

Bush Calls on Iraq Critics of Offer Their Plan
President Bush made it clear today that had no intention of backing down on his troop buildup plan and accused his congressional critics of failing to suggest their own strategy for the Iraq war. Read the complete text of the President's Jan. 13, 2007 radio address

President Bush Speaks on Working with New Congress
In his nationwide radio address of January 6, 2007, President Bush listed areas in which he felt his administration could work in concert with the 110th -- Democrat-controlled -- U.S. Congress.

President Bush's Message for New Year's Day, 2007
Complete text of President Bush's New Year's Day message for 2007.

President Bush's Statement on Execution of Saddam Hussein
Hours after the Dec. 29, 2006 execution by hanging of former Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein, President Bush issued this brief statement.

Day of Mourning Proclaimed for President Gerald R. Ford
The text of a proclamation issued by President Bush calling for the observance of a National Day of Mourning on January 2, 2007, for the observance of the funeral of Gerald R. Ford, 38th President of the United States.

Bush Orders Government Closure for Ford Funeral
An Executive Order issued by President Bush directing that all federal government "departments, independent establishments, and other governmental agencies" will be closed on January 2, 2007 for the observance of the funeral of Gerald R. Ford, 38th President of the United States:

About the Office of Inspector General
Within the federal agencies are politically independent individuals called Inspectors General who are responsible for ensuring that the agencies operate efficiently, effectively and legally. Learn more about the government's own watchdogs, the Office of Inspector General.

Bush Acknowledges Government's Katrina Failures
In his weekly radio address, President Bush marked the first anniversary of Hurricane Katrina by acknowledging the government's failures in responding to the disaster, vowing that the federal government would "learn the lessons of Katrina," and "stay as long as it takes, to help our brothers and sisters build a new Gulf Coast where every citizen feels part of the great promise of America."

Presidential Bill Signing Statements
Civil Liberties Guide Tom Head refers to presidential signing statements as being documents "in which the President signs a bill but also specifies which parts of a bill he or she actually intends to enforce." On the face of it, that sounds terrible. Why even have Congress if the president can unilaterally re-write the laws it enacts? Before flatly condemning them, there are some things you need to know about presidential signing statements.

President Bush’s Stem Cell Research Bill Veto Letter
Complete text of President Bush's letter to the U.S. House of Representatives vetoing the bill H.R. 810, the Stem Cell Research Enhancement Act of 2005.

Executive Order: Task Force on New Americans
Text of President Bush's Executive Order creating the Task Force on New Americans

Bush Again Backs Marriage Protection Amendment
President Bush speaks in favor of a proposed constitutional amendment declaring marriage in the United States to be the union of a man and woman only, and barring state governments from recognizing the legality of same-sex marriages.

President Bush's 2006 Memorial Day Address
Transcript of President Bush's 2006 Memorial Day Address

Law Day, U.S.A., 2006
President Bush proclaims May 1 as Law Day, U.S.A., 2006.

Loyalty Day, 2006
President Bush proclaims May 1 to be Loyalty Day, 2006.

President Bush's Radio Address of April 8, 2006
After playing Whack-a-Mole with Senate Minority Leader Harry Reid (Nevada) for blocking what he called, "a promising bipartisan compromise on comprehensive immigration reform," President Bush listed the three things immigration reform must have in order to be effective in this radio address to the nation.

Critics of Tax Cuts Were Wrong, Bush Says
Radio Address for April 1, 2006

Bush: Why We Must Stay in Iraq
President Bush marks the third anniversary of the beginning of Operation Iraqi Freedom and explains why the U.S. must remain in Iraq, "the central front in the war on terror."

Irish-American Heritage Month, 2006 Presidential Procalmation
President Bush's 2006 Irish-American Heritage Month Proclamation.

President Bush's Radio Address: Feb 25, 2006
President Bush defends the Medicare prescription drug program against charges by consumer groups that it is wasteful and confusing for most older and disabled Americans.

George Washington the Man: Interesting Facts About George Washington
He grew marijuana and was America's only Founding Father to free his slaves. On the night he died, his doctor friend tried to bring him back to life in a most bizarre manner. As a politician, he was the only president-elect to win a unanimous vote of the Electoral College. Learn some lesser-known facts about our very first president, George Washington.

Brief History of the State of the Union Address
The Constitution directs the president to "from time to time," update Congress on the "State of the Union." Since George Washington in 1790, presidents have, from time to time, been doing just that in what has become known as the State of the Union Address. And from time to time, it even contains some important information. Read a brief history of the State of the Union Address.

African American History Month 2006: Presidential Proclamation
Setting the theme for this year's observance as "Celebrating Community: A Tribute to Black Fraternal, Social, and Civic Institutions," President Bush proclaimed February 2006 as Black History Month.

Bush Praises Supreme Court Nominee Samuel Alito in Radio Address
When Supreme Court Justice nominee Samuel Alito testified before the Senate Judiciary Committee last week, "the American people saw a man of character and intelligence," said President Bush in his weekly radio address.

Bush Talks Strong Economy in Radio Address
U.S. home ownership has never been higher, unemployment has rarely been lower, productivity is high and consumers are happy with what's being produced. The result is an American economy rated as "strong and secure," by President Bush in his weekly radio address to the nation.

The Process of Impeachment of the President of the United States
The process of impeachment of the President of the United States. It's the last thing you would ever think could happen to an American President. Since 1841, over one-third of all American Presidents have either died in office, became disabled, or resigned. However, no American President has ever been forced from office due to impeachment proceedings.

President Bush Will Defend Secret Wiretaps on Constitutional Grounds
Shortly after Congress reconvenes on January 3, you will probably begin to hear some legislators calling for the impeachment of President Bush. These voices will contend that President Bush committed an "impeachable offense" when he directed the National Security Agency (NSA) to place and monitor secret wiretaps on individuals, including American citizens, without obtaining court orders. What will his defense be?

Presidential Message: Christmas 2005
President Bush's 2005 Christmas message.

Presidential Message: Hanukkah 2005
President Bush's 2005 Hanukkah message.

Presidential Message: Kwanzaa 2005
President Bush's 2005 Kwanzaa greeting

Bush Attempts to Rally Support for Iraq War
Hoping to bolster sagging public support for the Iraq war, President Bush told a national TV audience that terrorists and insurgents could "feel a tightening noose," after the relatively peaceful Iraqi elections on December 15.

Bush Defends Eavesdropping, Patriot Act
In a live, nationwide radio address, President Bush today acknowledged and defended his order to allow eavesdropping on people in the United States, and urged Congress to renew the terror-fighting Patriot Act.

Bush Stumps for Alito in Radio Address
President Bush today in his nationwide radio address praised Judge Samuel Alito, his current nominee to replace Sandra Day O'Connor as an Associate Justice on the U.S. Supreme Court.

Executive Order 11085 – Presidential Medal of Freedom
Issued Feb. 22, 1963, by President John F. Kennedy, Executive Order 11085 established the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian honor. The Presidential Medal of Freedom is the equivalent of the military Congressional Medal of Honor.

Recalling 9-11, Bush Cites Katrina Disaster
President Bush on Sept. 10, 2005, likened the destruction and recovery of New York City in the 9-11 terrorist attacks to the current Hurricane Katrina disaster in New Orleans.

Bush Recalls 9-11, Defends Iraq War
President Bush today invoked the memory of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks in defense of the United States' continued involvement in the Iraq war.

About Presidential Recess Appointments
President Bush may bypass the U.S. Senate confirmation process by installing his nominee for U.S. ambassador to the U.N., John Bolton, through a process known as a "recess appointment." Is that constitutional? Has it ever been done before? Yes it is and yes it has.

Bush Pledges "Mainstream" Values for Supreme Court
President Bush promised America he would pick a judge with "mainstream" values to replace retiring Associate Justice Sandra Day O'Connor on the Supreme Court. "My nominee will be a fair-minded individual who represents the mainstream of American law and American values," Bush said in his weekly radio address to the nation.

G-8 Action on Climate Change and Sustainable Energy
Almost unnoticed among the grief of the London terrorist bombings were results of the G-8 Conference in Scotland. On July 8, President Bush and the G-8 Partners agreed on a plan of action to speed the development and deployment of clean, sustainable energy technologies to achieve the combined goals of addressing climate change, reducing harmful air pollution and improving energy security in the U.S. and throughout the world.

President Bush Wishes America a Happy 4th
President Bush wished all Americans a happy 4th of July today in his radio address to the nation. "On Independence Day, we are also mindful that the promises of the Declaration have been secured by the service and sacrifice of every generation," said the President.

Bush Proclaims Flag Day - Flag Week 2005
Declaring that the Stars and Stripes has, "inspired our citizens during times of conflict and comforted us during moments of sorrow and loss," President Bush has proclaimed Tuesday, June 14, 2005 as Flag Day and the week of June 12, 2005 as National Flag Week.

Bush Proclaims Black Music Month 2005
Praising their works as "...the voice of hope in the face of injustice," President Bush recounted the artistry of famed black musicians, like Robert Johnson, Bessie Smith, Louis Armstrong, Nat King Cole, Ray Charles, Ella Fitzgerald, and Billie Holiday, in proclaiming June 2005 as Black Music month.

Memorial Day 2005: Bush Asks U.S. to Pray for Peace
In his 2005 Memorial Day Proclamation, President Bush marked the 60th anniversary of the end of World War II by honoring members of the Nation's armed forces and calling for a nationwide day of prayer for permanent peace.

'Roadless Rule' Forest Logging Ban Officially Lifted
On May 5, 2005, the Clinton Administration's regulatory ban on logging on some 58.5 million acres of national forest land was officially abandoned, leaving the use and protection of much of America's most pristine natural areas up to the governors of 12 Western states.

Mothers Day 2005 Presidential Proclamation
"The hard, perpetual work of motherhood shows us that a single soul can make a difference in a young person's future, " wrote President Bush in his Mother's Day Proclamation. "By raising children to be responsible citizens, mothers serve a cause larger than themselves and strengthen communities across our great Nation." Read the entire Mother's Day 2005 Proclamation.

C. A. Tripp's Book Asserts Abraham Lincoln was Gay
C.A. Tripp's book The Intimate World of Abraham Lincoln makes the case that Lincoln had several homosexual relationships throughout his life. But the controversy surrounding the book has overshadowed an important fact that Tripp revealed -- a fact even harsh critics accept as true: Ann Rutledge was not the love of Lincoln's life.

Bush-Putin Agreements: The Bratislava Initiatives
Meeting in Bratislava, Slovakia, U.S. President Bush and Russian President Putin discussed the new "strong U.S.-Russian partnership," and agreed to work together to pursue a number of initiatives that will make the two countries and their citizens safer and more prosperous. The Presidents issued joint statements on three matters and agreed to personally ensure progress on all three issues.

New Cabinet Nominees Face Senate Confirmation
Senate confirmation hearings are now underway for President Bush's nominees to replace Cabinet level Department Secretaries who have resigned their posts since Mr. Bush won re-election to a second term last November.

White House Hails Defeat of Alaska Marijuana Initiative
White House Drug Czar John P. Walters, Director of National Drug Control Policy, issued the following statement regarding the defeat of an initiative which would have legalized the possession of marijuana in Alaska:

The President's Cabinet Agencies
Links to the Agencies and Secretaries that answer America's #1 civics homework question. From your About.com Guide.

Bush Announces Plan to Increase U.S. Wetlands
On Earth Day 2004, the USDA released figures showing that, for the first time in modern history, America has reversed the annual net loss of wetlands. Also on Earth Day, the White House released details of President Bush's new national wetlands goal -- moving beyond a policy of "no net loss" of wetlands to have an overall increase of wetlands in America each year.

Electoral College System
It is possible for a presidential candidate to lose the nationwide popular vote, but still be elected. Learn how the Electoral College system works and why the Founding Fathers created it. From your About.com Guide.

The President -- Briefly
A brief description of the role and powers of the President of the United States.

Pay and Compensation of the President
Learn about the salary and benefits paid to the President. Includes a Presidential pay raise history and comparison of the President's pay to that of other US politicians. From your About Guide.

Regulatory Agencies Dodging Public Comments: GAO
Federal regulatory agencies are wrongly bypassing the public comment process, the GAO reports.

Bush Grants First Presidential Pardons
Viewed as a strict disciplinarian, President Bush recently granted his first seven presidential pardons, after turning down over 2,600 requests since taking office.

Presidential Appointments: No Senate Required
High-level presidential appointments that do not require Senate approval.

Greeting Cards from the White House
The White House will send greeting cards signed by President Bush to commemorate special events, accomplishments or milestones free of charge to U.S. citizens. To request a greeting card from President Bush, just follow these guidelines from the White House Greetings Office.

About the Presidential Power to Pardon
In reaction to some pardons granted by his predecessor, President Bush promises to apply the, “highest of high standards,” to future pardons. What are those standards? Learn more about the often controversial power of Presidential Pardons.

Presidential Pardons: Legal Guidelines
The US Pardon Attorney offers recommendations on pardon application to the president based on these legal guidelines from the Code of Federal Regulations.

Pardons: How Hamilton Saw It
Why does the Constitution give the president the sole power to grant pardons, and why is impeachment excluded from pardon eligibility, but not treason? Alexander Hamilton should know. Let's open up the Federalist Papers.

Presidential Libraries
America's Presidential libraries are a treasure of information, much of it available online. From you About.com Guide.

President For a Day
The "12th-and-one-half" President, David Rice Atchison -- he kept every one of his campaign promises during his 24-hour term in office.From your About.com Guide.

Impeachment Trial in the Senate
The Constitution places Hamilton's "awful discretion" of an impeachment trial in the US Senate. From your About.com Guide.

Impeachment: Unthinkable Process
Other than waging war, no government process can be more traumatic than impeachment. From your About.com Guide.

Inaugurating a President
All the spoken and written words about the 2000 election boil down to “I do,” on Saturday with the pomp of the 54th Inaugural Ceremony. But, even the pomp part requires three acts of Congress. Interesting inaugural info and links.

Presidents' Day
Read the Gettysburg Address, The Emancipation Proclamation, or Washington's farewell address to the people. Also pictures and biographies of Lincoln and Washington. From your About.com Guide.

Protecting Presidential Candidates

Threatening the President
Secret Service Agents are allowed wide latitude when deciding whether or not a given act represents a threat against the President of the United States. Find out why. From your About.com Guide.

The Search for PT-109
In a pictorial titled Where Are They Now, go along with National Geographic photographers and Kennedy nephew Max Kennedy as they scour the Soloman Islands for those credited with saving the lives of JFK and his shipwrecked crew in 1943. There are also photos of PT-109 during WWII and of the Japanese ship that sunk it, news articles, a map of where PT-109 went down in the South Pacific.

White House Web Site
Get the latest news direct from the White House.

Center for the Study of the Presidency
The foremost educational institution in the United States devoted to the study of the Presidency, government and politics. Current and past presidents,  issues, documents, Presidential libraries, political parties, election information and more.

Obama and the National Day of Prayer
Read a history of Obama and the National Day of Prayer. Find out what Obama did on the National Day of Prayer. See the proclamations Obama released about the National Day of Prayer. Learn about myths surrounding Obama and the National Day of Prayer.

5 Wacky Myths about Obama
Find out the truth behind the myths about Obama. See what's true and not true in the myths about Obama. See who's behind all the myths about Obama.

Why Americans Believe Obama is a Muslim
Read why Americans believe Obama is a Muslim. Find out where Americans learned that Obama is a Muslim. Discover what role media play in leading Americans to believe Obama is a Muslim. Learn what role political ideology has in the belief that Obama is Muslim.

Top 5 Obamaisms
Discover these five classic Obama gaffes. Figure out what the president meant to say but didn't in these five Obama gaffes.

Obama and the Transaction Tax
Read about the proposal for a transaction tax. Find out whether President Barack Obama supports a transaction tax. Discover how a transaction tax would affect you. See how likely it is Congress will pass a transaction tax.

Did President Bush Really Tell Americans to 'Go Shopping' After 9/11?
Read excerpts of speeches delivered by Bush at war. Find out whether Bush at war really urged Americans to go shopping. See the context of statements made by Bush at war.

Where Obama Was on Memorial Day?
Find out where Obama was on Memorial Day. See why Obama did not attend Memorial Day at Arlington National Cemetery. Learn whether Obama was the first president not to attend Memorial Day at Arlington National Cemetery. Discover which other presidents skipped Memorial Day at Arlington National Cemetery.

Obama's First Executive Order
Find out what Obama's first executive order really said. See what conspiracy theorists claim Obama's first executive order said. Learn what's fact...

Obama's Oval Office
Learn details about the redecoration of Obama's Oval Office. Find out why a rug in Obama's Oval Office made headlines. Read about the history of...

Can the President be Muslim?
Find out what the U.S. Constitution says about religion in the White House and whether America could elect a Muslim president. Learn about the faiths of other U.S. presidents and whether there have been Muslim presidents. Explore the constitutional requirements of running for office and whether America could one day elect a Muslim president.

Is America Ready for a Non-Christian President?
He swears he is not, but what if President Obama, or any president for that matter, actually was a Muslim? Not that long ago we wondered if America was "ready" for a black president. Apparently, we were. What about a non-Christian president? Will America ever be ready for that?

Yeah, Obama Does the Facebook Thing
Everybody knows about the official White House website . But did you know Barack Obama has taken to social networking like no other U.S. politician? It's true. Obama is on Facebook. The administration is making good use of YouTube and friending folks on Myspace, too. Yes, it's even Twittering. Or Tweeting. Or whatever. So where can you...

Solar Panels on the White House
Find out why President Barack Obama is putting up solar panels at the White House. See how much money taxpayers will save with solar panels at the White House. Learn about previous attempts by U.S. presidents to use solar panels on the White House.

A Brief History of White House Solar Panels
President Barack Obama's decision in 2010 to install White House solar panels made environmentalists happy. But he wasn't the first president to take advantage of alternative forms of energy in the living quarters at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue . The first solar panels were placed on the White House more than 30 years earlier, but abruptly...

Don't Count on This Family Reunion Happening Anytime Soon
Discover how President Barack Obama and Sarah Palin are related. Find out which common relative makes Obama and Palin related. Learn which other surprising political celebrities Obama and Palin are related to.

The Cost of Sending Obama to India
Find out how much taxpayers were on the hook for sending President Barack Obama to India in 2010. Read about why sending Obama to India created so much controversy in the media. Discover how opponents reacted to the cost of sending Obama to India. See that the White House reaction was to criticism over sending Obama to India.

Coconut Trees an Obama Security Concern in India
Read why workers in India cut down coconuts in the name of security for Obama. See why officials India were concerned about security for Obama. Explore other details of security for Obama in India.

Leon E. Panetta
Biography of Leon E. Panetta 23rd U.S. Secretary of Defense

Political Graveyard
  Want to know where any deceased US President or any of 34,929 other Politicians, Judges, or Diplomats are buried? Political Graveyard can tell you.

Presidents Who Were Not Inaugurated
  Due to death or resignation, these men became President without either pomp or circumstance.

Biography of Jeh Johsnon, Secretary of Homeland Security
Biography of Jeh Johsnon, fourth Secretary of Department of Homeland Security

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