Separation of powers
forms the cornerstone of the constitutional framework envisioned by the Founding Fathers
to ensure a form of government in which no individual or group ever becomes too powerful. For example:
- Congress (legislative branch) can pass laws, but the president (executive branch) can veto them.
- Congress can override the president's veto.
- The Supreme Court (judicial branch) can declare a law approved by Congress and the president unconstitutional.
- The president can appoint judges to the Supreme Court, but Congress must approve them.