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U.S. Court System

Learn about the Judicial Branch of government, including the history and actions of the U.S. Supreme Court.

US Supreme Court Retirement Benefits
Since enactment of the Judiciary Act of 1869, retiring U.S. Supreme Court justices have received a lifetime pension equal to their highest full salary. Why?

How many justices should there be on the U.S. Supreme Court?
How many justices should there be on the U.S. Supreme Court?

Current U.S. Supreme Court Justices
Current Justices of the U.S. Supreme Court

U.S. Federal Court System
US Federal Court System Primer

FIS: The Nation's Secret Court
In the U.S. federal judicial system, one court alone operates in almost total secrecy, its deliberations and decisions closed to the public. Created in 1978, the eleven judges of the U.S. Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court (FIS) consider and rule on applications by federal law enforcement and intelligence agencies to conduct electronic surveillance anywhere within the United States.

The Judicial Branch
The laws of the United States are a complex tapestry weaving through history, sometimes vague, sometimes specific and often confusing. It's up to the federal judicial system to sort through this web of legislation and decide what is constitutional and what is not.

About the United States Attorneys
The 93 United States Attorneys are appointed by and serve at the pleasure of the president to represent the interests of the American people in federal courtrooms across the nation every day. Learn more about a very significant element of the United States justice system, the U.S. Attorneys.

Sen. Specter Demands Supreme Court Allow TV Coverage
Have you ever wished you could watch sessions of the U.S. Supreme Court on live television? So does Senate Judiciary Committee chairman Arlen Specter (R-Pennsylvania), and he's in a position to do something about it.

Biography of Associate Justice of the United States Samuel A. Alito, Jr.
Biography of Associate Justice of the United States Samuel A. Alito, Jr.

Official White House Biography of Harriet Miers
The official White House Biography of Harriet Miers, President Bush’s nominee to replace Sandra Day O’Connor on the U.S. Supreme Court.

Biography of John G. Roberts
Biography of Chief Justice of the United States John Glover Roberts, Jr.

Supreme Court Begins Long Conference
The U.S. Supreme Court today begins its annual "long conference," during which the justices decide which of the over 1,000 cases filed over the past summer the Supreme Court will hear and decide.

Duties of the Chief Justice of the United States
Other than presiding over the Supreme Court and voting on cases, what are the duties of the Chief Justice of the United States?

U.S. Federal Court System - Basics and Links
In 94 regional courts of appeals and district courts, the US federal court system protects the rights and liberties granted by the Constitution. Learn the basics, plus get links directly to all the federal courts, including appeals, district and bankruptcy courts.

A Brief History of the Supreme Court
"The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one Supreme Court,” is all the Constitution says about the Supreme Court. So, how did they get to where are today? Learn a little about the past and the present of the Supreme Court.

Pledge of Allegiance Declared Unconstitutional
The 9th Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco has ruled the Pledge of Allegiance unconstitutional under the First Amendment due to its inclusion of the phrase "under God."

Does God Belong In US Government?
Saying "under God" in the Pledge of Allegiance -- unconstitutional. Using tax-supported vouchers for tuition to religious schools -- constitutional. Being free to argue about it -- priceless. What’s your opinion?

Scalia on the Constitution
U.S. Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia explains and defends what he calls his "originalist" approach to constitutional interpretation in a closing address to a Princeton University conference on James Madison. From your About Guide.

A Day in the Supreme Court
"God save the United States and this Honorable Court,” chants the Marshal as the U.S. Supreme Court enters the courtroom to hear arguments and decide over 150 major cases every term. Read about the processes and traditions of the Supreme Court.

Address for the Supreme Court
They do not have email address, but you can write to the Supreme Court. Here are the address and phone numbers. From your About Guide.

Bankruptcy Courts and Information
Links to the U.S. District Bankruptcy Courts and bankruptcy resources. Each court should have the forms needed for filing. From your About Guide.

Church and State: How the Court Decides
The Court applies these three "tests" to religious practices when deciding their constitutionality under the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment. From your About Guide.

Public Schools Don't Have a Prayer
American public school students can still -- under certain specific conditions -- pray at school, but the opportunities to do so are dwindling fast. Find out how and why our schools went from a prayer-a-day to no prayers at all since 1962.

Separating Church and State
A look at current and past legislation and laws involving school prayer and the posting of the Ten Commandments in public schools. From your About Guide.

Supreme Court - No Football Prayers
The Supreme Court rules 6-3 that public school districts may not allow students to lead prayers at high school football games.

Understanding the Federal Court System
From the Supreme Court to the District Courts and all courts in between, Guide to the law Paul S. Reed offers a detailed 32-page guide to the U.S. court system.

AmerUSA Criminal Records Locator
They will search every state, county and federal court in the US for criminal information on any individual for you. The charge averages $25 for a state search, $45 for federal courts.

Court Decisions 1990 - Present
Arranged by topic. From Cornell University's Supreme Court Collection.

Court Docket from FindLaw
Schedules and information on cases to be heard by the Supreme Court during the current term.

Frequently Asked Questions - the U.S. Courts
Answers on Federal Judges, Courts, cases, juries, trials and the judicial system in general.

Gallery of Current Justices
Includes pictures, biographies, and lists of decisions by the current members of the Court. From Cornell University's Supreme Court Collection.

Legal Information Institute - Cornell
If you get the idea from this page that Cornell's Supreme Court Collection is the best source of Court information around, you would be right.

Supreme Court - Agenda and Decisions
Cases on the docket and recent decisions of the Court. From the Washington Post

Supreme Court - Rules of the Court
The rules to be followed by the Court and all persons appearing before the Court. A service of the Legal Information Institute, Cornell.

Supreme Court Web Site
The Court finally has its own Web site. It features the Court docket, background information, decisions and more. (Decisions available as .pdf download files only.)

Elena Kagan – Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court
Brief Biography of Elena Kagan, 112th Associate Justice of the US Supreme Court

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